WHEN SHOULD I USE SUNSCREEN?
In Europe the season of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays are highest between April and September. When the UV index exceeds 3, it is recommended that you wear sunscreen if you will be outside. Even on cloudy days, up to 80% of the sun’s harmful UV rays penetrate your skin.
Remember that snow, sand and water increases the need for sun protection because it reflects the sun’s rays and amplifies UV radiation.
In countries closer to the equator, where the sun’s rays are stronger, it is recommended to wear sun protection of at least SPF30 to be protected against the UV rays.
WHICH SPF TO CHOOSE?
The Sun Protection Factor (SPF) specified on your bottle of sunscreen tells you how much protection your sunscreen offers against UVB rays.
In general, the higher the SPF number of your sunscreen, the greater the protection, SPF15, 20 or 25 offers medium protection, SPF30 or 50 offers high protection, and SPF50+ offers very high protection. This is measured using a standardized test.
To choose the right SPF, you need to consider several factors. The most important of these is your skin type which includes the color of your skin before exposure to the sun, your hair and eye color. You also need to think about where you are going on holiday and what time of the year. Read here about your skintype
HOW LONG CAN I STAY IN THE SUN?
It depends on your skin type, the season, where in the world you are and the time of day. People with dark hair and dark skin can generally stays longer in the sun without burning than people with fair hair and skin. In the hours between 11 am and 3 pm the concentration of UVA and UVB rays are at its highest; so if you go out in the sun at all, wear clothes, a hat and sunscreen. Bear in mind that snow, water and sand reflect the sun, increasing the amount of rays you are exposed to.
WHAT IS THE CORRECT AMOUNT TO BE APPLIED?
The average adult needs to apply 30-40ml of sun cream for a full body coverage and effective protection. Parts of the body are often forgotten for example the back of the neck, the upper part of the chest and the backs of the legs. Always apply 15 min. before sun exposure to ensure protection from the moment you step outside.
WHAT IS PHOTO STABILITY?
To protect the skin, sunscreens use UV filters that absorb radiation from the sun. When a sunscreen is exposed to this radiation, it can alter the chemical structure of the UV filters and reduce their protective capabilities.
A “photostable” sunscreen is able to withstand the effects of UV exposure better, so it keeps its level of protection.
WHAT DOES “BROAD-SPECTRUM PROTECTION” MEAN?
Broad-spectrum protection means the ability to protect against the harmful effects of both UVA (ageing rays) and UVB (burning rays). To be classified as offering broad-spectrum protection, a product needs to absorb or reflect at least 90% of the UV rays from the 290 to 400 nanometers (nm) wavelength range.
DO I GET ENOUGH VITAMIN D WHEN USING SUN PROTECTION?
Yes, you do. Several studies have shown that sunscreen users have vitamin D formation at the same level or higher than those not using sun protection. Sunscreen will not block 100% of UV rays, and you only need a small amount of sun exposure to provide enough vitamin D. Even wearing suntan lotion and in the shadow, your body produces vitamin D in the summer months.
DOES P20 CONTAIN BOTH UVA AND UVB PROTECTION?
Yes, all products in the P20 range contain both UVA and UVB filters. The filters are photo stable and selected to give you the best sun protection.
On the packaging, you can check whether your sunscreen contains UVA and UVB protection with these symbols:
On the P20 sunscreen you will also find an extra UVA symbol, which indicates the number of stars depending on the level of UVA protection in relation to UVB protection.
The P20 sun cream products have between 3-5 stars, with 5 being the highest rating. This means that P20 sunscreens comply with the EU recommendation on a UVA protection level of 1/3 of the SPF. EU recommendation is equivalent to 3 stars.
CAN I USE P20 ON MY CHILDREN?
Yes, P20 sun cream is safe for children, even those under the age of three. All its ingredients have been approved as cosmetic ingredients and contain no added fragrance and colourants. However it is still important to remember the general sun advice that babies and young children should not be exposed to direct sun light.
CAN I USE P20 IF I'M PREGNANT?
Yes you can. All ingredients in the P20 product range have been approved as cosmetic ingredients and contain no added fragrance and colourants.
SHOULD I RE-APPLY P20 AFTER SWIMMING?
There is no need to reapply P20 sun protection after swimming unless you have toweled vigorously or after extensive sweating. P20 sun cream has been categorized as “Very Water Resistant” – the highest classification available – and offers superior sun protection even after prolonged immersion in water.
IS P20 STILL EFFECTIVE AFTER A SHOWER?
P20 sun cream is still effective after a shower providing you have not used soap, a loofah or toweled vigorously.
CAN I USE P20 UNDER MAKE-UP AND MOISTURIZING CREAM?
Yes. Just allow 15 minutes after applying then go ahead with your normal make-up routine.
CAN P20 STAIN FABRICS?
Like many other sun protection products, P20 sun cream may stain fabrics. To stop this happening, wash your hands thoroughly with soap after application and avoid contact with fabrics, e.g. clothing, towels etc. before the sun protection product is fully dried.
If you have got P20 sunscreen stains on your clothes, in most cases these can be removed from white or coloured textiles.
Do not wash the garment until you have applied the method below. If the garment has been washed, you may have to repeat this method several times to remove the stain. The higher the temperature the garment was washed at, the more difficult it will be to remove the stain subsequently.
How to remove P20 sun cream stains:
Pour some denatured alcohol (methylated spirits) into a deep dish. Dip the stained piece of fabric into the dish. It is important to cover the stain with the alcohol
Stir with a spoon for about 1 min.
Take the fabric out of the dish.
Dry the fabric between two pieces of paper towel.
Do not use bleach (this can turn stains pink).
Do not re-use the alcohol as the color from the stain is now stored in the alcohol used.
If necessary, repeat the method until the stain has been removed.
Once the stain has been removed from the garment, wash it in the usual way in accordance with the instructions on the care label.
The above method is not advisable for use on leather or suede.